Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: January | Volume: 9 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 210-214
Reference Values for Hemoglobin and Red Blood Cells Indices in Sudanese in Khartoum State
Kamal M. Awad1, Amir A. Bashir2, Asim A. Osman1, Mohammed A. Malek3, Abeadalla A. Alborai4, Ibrahim A. Ali3, Elmutaz H.Taha5, Omer A. Musa3
1Gadarif University, Faculty of Medicine.
2University of Al-Imam Al-Mahdi, Faculty of Medicine.
3National Ribat University, Faculty of Medicine.
4Omdurman Islamic University, Faculty of Medicine.
5Dongola University, Faculty of Medicine.
Corresponding Author: Kamal M. Awad
Introduction: Any population is diverse from the other and there are multiple factors which can influence normal physiological values for a given set of population making it compulsory to have reference values of the local population before translating any results into any clinical setting.
Objectives: The aim of this study to establish the reference values of Hb and red blood cells indices in healthy Sudanese in Khartoum State.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted during 2017 in Khartoum state. A total of 438 healthy adults between 20 and 60 years resident in the Khartoum state (90 males and 348 females) were included. A complete blood count (CBC) was performed for Hb, RBCs, PCV, MCH, MCV and MCH Cusing Sysmex KX-21 automated haematology analyser.
Results: Hemoglobin (Hb) level ranged from 13.4 to 16.4 g/dl with a mean value of 14.9 g/dl in males, and 10.7 to 13.7 g/dl with a mean value of 12.2 g/dl in females. The mean of MCV in males was 89.8±9.3fl and in females was86.2±9.8fl, MCH in males was28.7±2.8pg and in females was27.3±4pg while MCHC in males and females were32.2±2.7 g/dl and 31.4±2.5 g/dl respectively. The mean red blood cells (RBC) count in males and females were5.2±0.5 x106/μL and 4.5±0.4 x106/μL respectively.
Conclusion: Some CBC reference values like Hb level in Khartoum state were lower than the international values. The obtained results are of value in clinical practice and research.
Key words: Hb; blood indices; reference value.