International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2019 | Month: January | Volume: 9 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 128-131

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy and Associated Factors

Mrs. Asha Bhat1, Dr. Sangeeta Kharde2

1Asst. Professor, Dept. of OBG Nursing Institute of Nursing Sciences, KAHER, Belagavi, Karnataka
2HOD, Dept. of OBG Nursing, Institute of Nursing Sciences, KAHER, Belagavi, Karnataka

Corresponding Author: Mrs. Asha Bhat


Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are the leading cause of poor maternal and newborn outcome across the globe. In developing countries like India the understanding about the prevalence and associated factors will help the policy makers to think and take required accurate management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Thus this study is aimed to determine the prevalence of HDP and its associated factors among the pregnant women delivered at tertiary care hospital of Northern Karnataka.
Methods: Hospital based retrospective study was conducted on all mothers who gave birth in the labor ward of Tertiary Care Hospital of Northern Karnataka from 1st July 2017 to 30th June 2018. Data was collected from the medical records using structured questionnaire respectively. Data analysis was performed using SPSS for windows version 16.0
Result: Majority (41%) of the mothers were in the age group of 22 - 27years. The overall prevalence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy was 5.13%. Out of this Pre eclampsia contribute 45%, Chronic Hypertension 6%, Gestational hypertension 37% and Imminent eclampsia 12%.Religion and Blood group was found statistically significant association with severity of the disorder.
Conclusion: Pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders have poor maternal and newborn outcomes and women are affected physically and psychologically. Early recognition and management of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy can help the women to manage HDP.

Key words: Hypertensive disorders, Pregnancy, Pre eclampsia, Gestational Hypertension, Chronic Hypertension, Eclampsia.

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