Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: August | Volume: 8 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 196-204
A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme Regarding Prevention of Cervical Cancer in Terms of Knowledge and Attitude among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Selected Rural Community of Delhi
Ms Nidhi Dagar
Nursing officer, Bhagwan Mahavir Hospital, Pitampura, New Delhi
Introduction: Cancer of cervix is a common malignancy among women especially in the lower socio economic group. A major cause of concern to health care system in the developing countries is to enforce surveillance programmes thereby detecting cancer cervix in later advanced stage.
Materials and methods: The research approach adopted for the study was evaluative and educative with one group pre-test post-test design. The population comprised of women residing in TilangPurKotla New Delhi. Convenient sampling technique was used to select a sample of 60 women of reproductive age group. The tool consisted of structured interview schedule. The women of reproductive age group who participated in the study were given a pre test and planned health education given. Post test was conducted on 7th day.
Results: Percentage of women having adequate knowledge increased from 0% to 63.34% after giving planned teaching program. Whereas 18.33% population reported inadequate Knowledge Post test and 18.33% population have moderate knowledge post test. Post test knowledge score improved 38.46% after planned teaching program. T-ratio was statistically significant as the obtained value (32.11) is higher than the tabulated value (2.00) required for t-ratio to be significant at .05 level of confidence. Maximum of the participants got benefitted from the planned teaching programme on changing their attitude towards prevention of cervical cancer. There was a significant difference between pre test and post test knowledge and attitude regarding prevention of cervical cancer and between post test knowledge and post test attitude regarding prevention of cervical cancer among women of reproductive age group. Thus hypothesis 1 & 2 were accepted. Chi-square values of post test knowledge score with demographic variables were age 11.09 which was significant whereas chi-square values with other variables like educational qualification (4.2); occupation (1.4); income group (3.1); marital status (0.9) and number of children (7.3) were not significant. This indicates that H3 is partially accepted with age only. Chi-square values of post test attitude score with demographic variables age (4.86) educational qualification (6.3); occupation (4.6); income group (1.5); marital status (1.7) and number of children (4.4) were not significant. This indicates that H4 is rejected and null hypothesis is accepted.
Conclusion: Planned health education programme on cancer cervix was found to be effective.
Key words: Knowledge, attitude, correlation, association, planned teaching program