Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: August | Volume: 8 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 176-181
A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching on Knowledge Regarding Post Mastectomy Exercises among Breast Cancer Patients at Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore.
Ashwini.K.N1, Satyanarayana.T.E2, Ramesh C3
1Staff Nurse, Minto Opthalmic Hospital, Affiliated to Bangalore Medical
College and Research Institute, Bangalore
2Asst. Professor, Kidwai College of Nursing, Bangalore
3Professor & Head, Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics,
Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore
Corresponding Author: Ashwini.K.N
Introduction: Mastectomy is the common surgical procedure for breast cancer. Following mastectomy potential complications are likely to occur and lymphedema is one of the dreadful complications. Post mastectomy exercises play an important role in prevention of complications by releasing muscular tension, preventing contractures and restoring strength. Studies have reported that pre and post operative education is the best method to reduce complications. Realizing the importance to create awareness on management of Lymphedema, a study was undertaken with an aim to determine the effectiveness of video assisted teaching on knowledge regarding post mastectomy exercises among breast cancer patients.
Materials and Methods: A quasi experimental study, with pre and post test research design without control group approach was undertaken among breast cancer patients who undergo mastectomy at Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (Karnataka).A total of 50 pre operative breast cancer patients were selected using convenient sampling method. Pre test was conducted for those patients using structured interview schedule, the same day video assisted teaching was given for duration of 20min and on the 7th day post test was given. Results were compared between pre test and post test knowledge scores and association was studied between various demographic variables.
Results: In pre test, the overall knowledge score was (16.42 ± 3.0) which is 36.48% whereas after implementation of video assisted teaching programme, the post test knowledge score had improved (34.92 ± 3.80) which is 77.6% and the gain in knowledge was statistically significant. It was noted that knowledge on post mastectomy exercises had significant association with demographic variables like type of family and family history of cancer at p<0.05 level.
Conclusion: The study concluded that video assisted teaching is an effective instructional method & educational tool in imparting knowledge on post mastectomy exercises among breast cancer patients who undergo mastectomy.
Key words: Post mastectomy exercises, knowledge, video assisted teaching, lymphedema