Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: July | Volume: 8 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 105-112
Efficacy of Kinesio-Taping on Pain, Range of Motion and Functional Disability in Chronic Mechanical Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Nilanjan Sarkar1, Bibhuti Sarkar2, Pravin Kumar3, Krishnendu Laha4, Lilima Patel4
1Professional Trainee (PT), 2Demonstrator (PT), 3Asst. Prof (PT), 4Professional Trainee (PT),
Department of Physiotherapy, National Institute for Locomotor Disabilities (Divyangjan) Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Corresponding Author: Nilanjan Sarkar
Background and purpose: Chronic Mechanical low back pain is one of the most common health problems. Core stabilization exercise has an important role in Chronic low back pain treatment as well as prevention. Extensive literature review revealed little evidence on Kinesio taping with standardized exercise program and standardized exercise program alone for the management of chronic mechanical low back pain. So, the purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Kinesio taping with standardized exercise program Vs standardized exercise program alone and find out the efficacy of Kinesio Taping in subjects with Chronic Mechanical Low Back Pain.
Study design: Randomised clinical trial.
Subjects and methods: Thirty (30) subjects with Chronic Mechanical low back pain were randomly assigned into two groups. Group –A (n=15, 14 Male, 1 Female) received Kinesio Taping (2 session/week for 4 weeks) with standardized exercise program (3sittings per week for 4 weeks) and Group-B (n=15, 9 Male, 6 Female) received standardized exercise program alone (3sittings per week for 4 weeks). Pain intensity was measured by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), lumbar spine range of motion was evaluated by Modified Schober’s test (MST) and Functional disability was evaluated by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) at Baseline, after second week and after 4th week of intervention.
Results: Both groups showed statistical significant improvement after 4 weeks of intervention in respect to pain intensity, range of motion and functional disability. Group-A showed significant improvement than Group-B in respect to Pain intensity (p value <0.05) and functional disability (p value <0.05), however, there was insignificant changes found between the groups for lumbar spine range of motion (p value >0.05) after 4 weeks of treatment.
Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that Kinesio taping with standardized exercise has a significant effect in improving pain and function in subjects with Chronic Mechanical low back pain.
Key words: Chronic Mechanical low back pain, Kinesio taping, Visual analogue scale, Oswestry disability index.