Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: June | Volume: 8 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 266-271
Macrovascular Complications and Associated Risk Factors in Newly Diagnosed Patients of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in City Ajmer
Laxmi Kumari Yadav1, Dr Bharti Prakash2
1Assistant Professor, 2Associate Professor,
Department of Zoology, S. P. C. Goverment College, Ajmer
Corresponding Author: Laxmi Kumari Yadav
Background: Diabetes and its macrovascular complications are notice in rapid alarming rate of prevalence and one of the leading causes of death and disability in the entire globe.
Aim: The aim of the study is to estimate the prevalence and associated risk factors of macro vascular complication among diabetes mellitus type 2 population of Ajmer, Rajasthan India.
Method: This is the study of 464 newly detected type 2 diabetic people screened for their biochemical parameters, attending outpatient department comprising of 256 male and 208 female. A baseline questionnaire was phrased for obtaining the information about socio demographic status, age, past history, family history, stress and complications. The presence of complications was evaluated by relevant investigations. The biochemical marker studies included blood glucose, HbA1C, cholesterol and triglycerides.
Analysis: Logistic regression analysis is used to establish the association between diabetes complications and risk factor with significant level (p < 0.05).
Result: Macrovascular complications CAD was diagnosed in 104 (22%) diabetic patients of type 2, CVD cases in 144 (31%), PVD in 260 (56%) and foot diseases in 303 (65%) diabetic patients. Linear regression analysis concluded that age, BMI, duration, family history, stress, HBA1C, triglyceride and total cholesterol were significantly associated with vascular complications. Macrovascular complication was associated with age, BMI, family history and higher level of biochemical parameters such as cholesterol, triglycerides and blood glucose.
Conclusion: PVD and foot diseases were most prevalent macrovascular complication in type 2 diabetic population of Ajmer city. Macrovascular complication were delayed or controlled by biochemical parameters within normal range.
Key words: Diabetes Type 2, Macrovascular complication, Chronic or long term complication, CAD, CVD, PVD and foot diseases.