Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: May | Volume: 8 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 277-286
Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Association with Lifestyle Factors In Type-2 Diabetics in Southern Tamilnadu
Sharmila JB1, ThahiraBanu A2, Janet MaryAnn G3, Asirvatham AJ4
1Associate Professor, Dept. of Home Science, Sri Meenakshi Govt. Arts College for Women, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India.
2Assistant Professor, Dept. of Home Science, Gandhigram Rural Institute, Dindigul, Tamilnadu, India
3Senior Clinical Research Coordinator & Chief Dietitian, Arthur Asirvatham Hospital, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
4Consultant Diabetologist, Arthur Asirvatham Hospital, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India.
Corresponding Author: Sharmila JB
Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to modified NCEP ATP III definition and its association with lifestyle factors among adult type-2 diabetics in southern Tamilnadu, India.
Methods: 1126 adult type-2 diabetics (663 male, 463 female) from a diabetic clinic were enrolled in the study based on purposive sampling. Baseline characteristics, clinical data, lifestyle habits and food frequency pattern were elicited through a validated questionnaire. Study parameters included anthropometric indices and blood pressure, measured by standard techniques, and the biochemical profile obtained from the hospital records. The data obtained were analysed statistically. The modified NCEP ATP III definition was used to identify MS.
Results: Mean age of the subjects was 52.31 years. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was three fourth (77.44%), higher among women (84.67%) as compared to men (72.40%), and it was highest among the age group of 60 to 70 years (81.77%). Women had higher prevalence of low HDL and central obesity. No strong association of independent variables in predicting MS was observed.
Conclusion: The prevalence of MS is high among type-2 diabetics. This highlights the significance of routine screening and preventive strategies in type-2 diabetics to identify and treat the cardiovascular risk factors.
Key words: type-2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, prevalence, food frequency, lifestyle.