International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: October | Volume: 8 | Issue: 10 | Pages: 238-243

Assessing Domestic Violence and Its Causes against Women of Urban Slum of Nepal

Jeevan Bhatta1, Junu Bhatta2, Sharmistha Sharma3, Roshna Rajbhandari4

1Youth Development Specialist, VSO Myanmar
2Staff Nurse, Civil Service Hospital of Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal
3Alumni, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Nepal
4Consultant, Sagun, Kupondole, Lalitpur, Nepal

Corresponding Author: Jeevan Bhatta


To assess the causes of domestic violence against women of selected urban slums and determine the association between the causes and domestic violence of Nepal. For the study Modified Health Belief Model was adopted and the survey approach was applied. Descriptive design was adopted and study was conducted in Shanti Tole-1 and Kajipokhari-18 of Pokhara Metropolitan Municipality and purposive sampling was used to collect 120 samples. Data was collected by using interview technique and finally the data was analyzed using SPSS for Windows Version 16.0. Out of 120 women, 60.0% of women witnessed domestic violence and 42.5% of women suffered from domestic violence. Majority of women 86.3% were abused by their husband only. Most of the women 35.3% complained of having physical violence only followed by 27.4% suffered from both physical and emotional violence. The common causes cited for domestic violence are substance abuse 96.1% and lack of economic stability 84.3%. Slapping/kicking/chocking/punching 95.7% was the most common form of physical violence used. Hence, Domestic Violence was high in the slum and there was significant association between the causes and the domestic violence except substance abuse. Also these results provide vital information to assess the situation to develop public health interventions, and to sensitize the concerned agencies to implement the laws related to violence against women.

Key words: Domestic Violence, Urban Slum, Nepal

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