Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: October | Volume: 8 | Issue: 10 | Pages: 69-73
Social Factors on Fertility Behaviour among Rural Women in Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu
Geetha Jeganathan1, Sampathkumar Srinivasan2, Pitchaimani Govindharaj3
1Research Scholar, Department of Sociology, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.
2Professor & Head, Department of Sociology & Population Studies, Coimbatore, Bharathiar University,
3Research Scholar, Department of Sociology, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.
Corresponding Author: Geetha Jeganathan
Fertility is the only way for biological replacement of human being in order to continue its existence on earth. Women who have a well-defined birth plan are more likely to transform their fertility intention into fertility behaviour. The present paper attempts to study the social factors on fertility behaviour among the women living in villages. A household survey was conducted among 407 married women aged 18-45 having at least a child from five villages of Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu. A semi-structured interview schedule was used to collect data. The fertility behaviour was measured by fertility behaviour scale. Of the respondents, majority of them aged between 26-40 and 73% were working as farmer and labourer. Most of them were living in nuclear family. This study showed that overall the fertility behaviour was good among the women. The data reveals that higher the age of the women; higher spouse age; higher family income and higher educational status have an influence on all the domains of fertility behaviour. Moreover continuous education and knowledge on reproductive health will help for better fertility behaviour for the women.
Key words: Fertility behaviour, Women, Reproductive health, Tiruchirappalli.